Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Note 2 - Revenue

Note 2 - Revenue
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2023
Notes to Financial Statements  
Revenue from Contract with Customer [Text Block]



Revenue Recognition


All revenue is recognized when the performance obligations under a contract, including any product vouchers sold on a stand-alone basis in Hong Kong, are satisfied. Product sales are recognized when the products are shipped and title passes to independent members. Product sales to members are made pursuant to a member agreement that provides for transfer of both title and risk of loss upon the Company’s delivery to the carrier that completes delivery to the members, which is commonly referred to as “F.O.B. Shipping Point.” The Company’s sales arrangements do not contain right of inspection or customer acceptance provisions other than general rights of return. These contracts are generally short-term in nature.


Actual product returns are recorded as a reduction to net sales. The Company estimates and accrues a reserve for product returns based on its return policies and historical experience. The reserve is based upon the return policy of each country, which varies from 14 days to one year, and their historical return rates, which range from 1% to 4% of sales. Sales returns were 1% of sales for each of 2023 and 2022No material changes in estimates have been recognized during the periods presented. See Note 4 for additional information.


The Company has elected to account for shipping and handling activities performed after title has passed to members as a fulfillment cost, and accrues for the costs of shipping and handling if revenue is recognized before the contractually obligated shipping and handling activities occurs. Shipping charges billed to members are included in net sales. Costs associated with shipments are included in cost of sales. Event and training revenue is deferred and recognized as the event or training occurs. Costs of events and member training are included within selling, general and administrative expenses.


Various taxes on the sale of products to members are collected by the Company as an agent and remitted to the respective taxing authority. These taxes are presented on a net basis and recorded as a liability until remitted to the respective taxing authority.


Deferred Revenue


The Company primarily receives payment by credit card at the time members place orders. Amounts received for unshipped product orders and unredeemed product vouchers are considered a contract liability and are recorded as deferred revenue. As of  December 31, 2023 and 2022, the Company had $4.4 million and $3.8 million, respectively, of contract liabilities where performance obligations have not yet been satisfied. The increase in contract liabilities from December 31, 2022 to December 31, 2023 is primarily due to $4.4 million of cash received for unshipped product orders and unredeemed product vouchers during the year ended December 31, 2023 offset by $3.8 million of revenue recognized during the year ended December 31, 2023 that was included in contract liabilities at December 31, 2022. As of December 31, 2021, the Company had contract liabilities totaling $6.5 million which was recognized as revenue during 2022. The Company expects to satisfy its remaining performance obligations and recognize the revenue within the next twelve months.


Disaggregation of Revenue


The Company sells products to a member network that operates in a seamless manner from market to market, except for the Chinese market where it sells to some consumers through an e-commerce retail platform and the Russia and Kazakhstan market where the Company operates through the engagement of a third-party service provider. See Note 13 for additional information.


Arrangements with Multiple Performance Obligations


The Company’s contracts with customers may include multiple performance obligations. For such arrangements, the Company allocates revenues to each performance obligation based on its relative standalone selling price. The Company generally determines standalone selling prices based on the prices charged for individual products to similar customers.


Practical Expedients


The Company generally expenses sales commissions when incurred because the amortization period would be one year or less. These costs are recorded in commissions expense.


The Company does not provide certain disclosures about unsatisfied performance obligations for contracts with an original expected length of one year or less.