Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Note 6 - Income Taxes

Note 6 - Income Taxes
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2024
Notes to Financial Statements  
Income Tax Disclosure [Text Block]



The effective income tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2024 includes estimates for foreign income inclusions such as global intangible low-taxed income (“GILTI”) and Subpart F income. As of March 31, 2024, the Company does not have a valuation allowance against its U.S. deferred tax assets. The Company analyzed all sources of available income and determined that they are more likely than not to realize the tax benefits of their deferred assets. As of March 31, 2024, the Company has a valuation allowance against deferred tax assets in certain foreign jurisdictions with an overall net operating loss. The valuation allowance will be reduced at such time as management believes it is more likely than not that the deferred tax assets will be realized. Any reductions in the valuation allowance will reduce future income tax provision.


As of March 31, 2024, the Company has zero U.S. federal net operating loss carryforwards. The Company has post-apportioned U.S. state net operating loss carryforwards of $446,000 that begin expiring in 2038. At March 31, 2024, the Company has foreign net operating loss carryforwards of approximately $2.3 million in various jurisdictions with various expirations.


As of March 31, 2024, income taxes payable for the repatriation tax on the deemed repatriation of deferred foreign income required by the U.S. Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”), enacted in 2017 by the U.S. government, totaled $9.0 million, of which $5.1 million is reflected as a noncurrent liability.


As a result of capital return activities, the Company determined that a portion of its current undistributed foreign earnings not deemed reinvested indefinitely by its non-U.S. subsidiaries. For state income tax purposes, the Company will continue to periodically reassess the needs of its foreign subsidiaries and update its indefinite reinvestment assertion as necessary. To the extent that additional foreign earnings are not deemed permanently reinvested, the Company expects to recognize additional income tax provision at the applicable state corporate income tax rate(s). As of March 31, 2024, the Company has not recorded a state deferred tax liability for earnings that the Company plans to repatriate out of accumulated earnings in future periods because all earnings as of March 31, 2024 have already been repatriated. Due to the Tax Act, repatriation from foreign subsidiaries will be offset with a dividends received deduction, resulting in little to no impact on federal tax expense. All undistributed earnings in excess of 50% of current earnings on an annual basis are intended to be reinvested indefinitely as of March 31, 2024.


The Company and its subsidiaries file tax returns in the United States, California, New Jersey, Texas and various foreign jurisdictions. The Company is no longer subject to state income tax examinations for years prior to 2018. The Company is not aware of any jurisdiction that is currently examining any of its income tax returns.